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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Increased endothelial cell adherence, aggregation, and superoxide generation by neutrophils incubated in systemic lupus erythematosus and Felty's syndrome sera.

The ability of sera from patients with systemic lupus erythematosus ( SLE) and Felty's syndrome to induce increased adhesiveness of normal human neutrophils (PMN) was investigated. PMN from normal healthy donors were incubated in sera from 19 patients with active SLE, 12 with inactive SLE, 20 with Felty's, 24 with rheumatoid arthritis, and 34 normal persons. After incubation, the degree of adherence of the PMN to human endothelial cells in culture, their aggregation, and superoxide (O2-) generation were determined. Sera from patients with both active SLE and Felty's syndrome induced significantly increased PMN adherence to endothelial cells and PMN aggregation in vitro, compared with normal sera. This increased adherence to endothelial cells was maintained after heat treatment (56 degrees C for 30 minutes) of the sera. In O2- generation experiments, sera from patients with active SLE induced significantly increased O2- release from normal PMN using both fresh and heat-treated sera. Sera from Felty's patients demonstrated the same effect with heat-treated sera but not ith fresh sera. When sera from patients with active SLE and Felty's syndrome were used, all three parameters correlated significantly with each other in individual patients. In contrast, sera from the 12 patients with inactive SLE and 24 rheumatoid arthritis patients without Felty's failed to induce significant differences in the three parameters studied when compared with 34 normal controls. Fractionation of 3 SLE sera and 1 Felty's serum on Sephadex G-200 demonstrated that the adherence enhancing factor was present in both IgG and IgG-excluded fractions. The observed increased adhesiveness of PMN induced by SLE and Felty's sera may, at least in part, contribute to the neutropenia which is common in these diseases. Increased O2- release associated with PMN adherence may contribute to endothelial cell damage and vascular injury, which is also a common manifestation of these diseases.[1]


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