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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Topology of membrane exposure in the renal cortex slice. Studies of glutathione and maltose cleavage.

We measured glycine release from ([2-3H]glycine)-labelled GSH and glucose formation from maltose incubated with rat kidney whole cortex homogenate, thin cortex slices or collagenase-treated tubule fragments. Liberation of glycine was inhibited (74-83%) by serine borate (20 mM), indicating a gamma-glutamyltransferase-dependent hydrolysis of GSH. In whole cortex homogenate, the GSH cleavage activity was 17.4 +/- 0.6 nmol GSH degraded/mg protein per min (mean +/- S.D.); cleavage activity by intact slices was 3.5 +/- 0.7 (P less than 0.001 relative to whole cortex homogenate) and in tubule fragments 9.4 +/- 0.8 (P less than 0.001). Homogenizing the tissue preparation increased cleavage rate in slices about 4-fold (12.4 +/- 2.9; P less than 0.005 relative to intact slice) but did not change the rate in tubule fragments (9.8 +/- 0.5). Maltose cleavage activity in whole cortex homogenate was 512 +/- 22 nmol glucose formed/mg protein per min, in slices 162 +/- 12, and in tubules 884 +/- 48. These findings imply that substrate in the incubation medium has a limited access to the luminal membrane of cortex slices but not of tubule fragments. They further imply that basolateral membrane is preferentially exposed in the slice preparation.[1]


  1. Topology of membrane exposure in the renal cortex slice. Studies of glutathione and maltose cleavage. Arthus, M.F., Bergeron, M., Scriver, C.R. Biochim. Biophys. Acta (1982) [Pubmed]
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