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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Spin-trapping of free radicals formed during in vitro and in vivo metabolism of 3-methylindole.

Electron spin resonance spin-trapping techniques were used to investigate the in vitro and in vivo formation of free radicals during 3-methylindole (3MI) metabolism by goat lung. Utilizing the spin trap phenyl-t-butylnitrone, a nitrogen-centered free radical was detected 3 min after the addition of 3MI to an in vitro incubation system containing goat lung microsomes in the presence of NADPH and O2. The spectrum of the spin adduct was identical to that observed when 3MI was irradiated with ultraviolet light. A carbon-centered radical was also observed which increased in concentration with increasing incubation time. Microsomal incubations containing ferrous sulfate in the absence of 3MI to initiate lipid peroxidation produced the same carbon-centered free radical as obtained by spin-trapping. Malondialdehyde, and end product of lipid peroxidation, was also found to increase in concentration with increasing incubation time of 3MI. The concept that 3MI causes lipid peroxidation in the lung was supported by the in vivo study in which a carbon-centered radical was spin-trapped by phenyl-t-butylnitrone in lungs of intact goats infused with 3MI. This carbon-centered radical had hyperfine splitting constants identical to those carbon-centered free radicals trapped in in vitro incubations of 3MI. These data demonstrate that microsomal metabolism of 3MI produces a nitrogen-centered radical from 3MI which initiates lipid peroxidation in vitro and in vivo causing the formation of carbon-centered radicals from microsomal membranes.[1]


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