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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Beta-lactamase activity of purified and partially characterized human renal dipeptidase.

Human renal dipeptidase has been concentrated from kidneys by homogenization, 1-butanol solubilization, and (NH4)2SO4 fractionation. Final purification was achieved by high-pressure liquid chromatography followed by affinity chromatography. The enzyme appeared to be homogeneous by polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis, and its molecular weight was estimated to be 220,000 by analytical high-pressure liquid chromatography. The molecular weight of human urinary dipeptidase was estimated by agarose gel filtration to be 218,000. Dissociation of human renal dipeptidase in sodium dodecyl sulfate-polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis produced a single polypeptide (Mr 59,000). These results suggest that the native enzyme contains four subunits of Mr 59,000. Analysis of the peptidase for zinc content gave 3.9 g atoms of zinc/ mol of enzyme which supports the suggestion of a 4-subunit structure. Carbohydrate analyses of the purified human dipeptidase demonstrated that it was not a glycoprotein, a characteristic that distinguishes it from porcine and rat renal dipeptidase. beta-Lactamase activity of the purified human enzyme was demonstrated by measuring its activity against the two beta-lactam antibiotics, imipenem and SCH 29482. Kinetic analyses indicated that both antibiotics undergo enzyme-catalyzed hydrolysis at rates which could produce inactivation of the antibiotics within the human kidney. The beta-lactamase inhibitor, cilastatin, demonstrated reversible competitive inhibition of the peptidase-catalyzed hydrolysis of both antibiotics with the same Ki of 0.7 microM.[1]


  1. Beta-lactamase activity of purified and partially characterized human renal dipeptidase. Campbell, B.J., Forrester, L.J., Zahler, W.L., Burks, M. J. Biol. Chem. (1984) [Pubmed]
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