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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Ca2+-binding protein from human kidney. Purification and properties.

A Ca2+-binding protein (CaBP) from human kidney was purified by two different procedures. The first involved heat-precipitation of a kidney cytosol fraction followed by gel filtration and chromatofocusing. This resulted in a 200-fold increase in the specific Ca2+-binding activity with a yield of 10%. A specific antibody was raised against the purified CaBP, as demonstrated by one precipitate in crossed immunoelectrophoresis of a kidney cytosol fraction. The antibody was coupled to Sepharose 4B and CaBP was then purified by immunoadsorbent chromatography. Applying this technique, a 500-fold purification of CaBP with a yield of 50% was obtained. Both preparations appeared homogeneous in crossed immunoelectrophoresis against a polyvalent antiserum and migrated as a single band corresponding to a mol.wt. of 26000 on sodium dodecyl sulphate/polyacrylamide-gel electrophoresis. In gel filtration under non-denaturing conditions CaBP was eluted corresponding to a mol.wt. of 28000. The association constant for the high-affinity Ca2+-binding sites of CaBP was estimated by gel filtration to be 0.1 X 10(6)M-1, and the protein displayed Ca2+-dependent electrophoretic mobility, with more rapid anodic migration in the presence of EDTA. The protein eluted at a position corresponding to a pI of 4.5 in chromatofocusing. Immunochemical experiments with the specific antibody showed no cross-reaction between renal and intestinal CaBP.[1]


  1. Ca2+-binding protein from human kidney. Purification and properties. Staun, M., Norén, O., Sjöström, H. Biochem. J. (1984) [Pubmed]
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