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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Interaction of Mg2+ with human liver aldehyde dehydrogenase. I. Species difference in the mitochondrial isozyme.

The dehydrogenase activity of the mitochondrial isozyme ( E2) of human liver aldehyde dehydrogenase was stimulated about 2-fold by the presence of low concentrations (about 120-140 microM) of Mg2+ in the assay at pH 7.0 using propionaldehyde as substrate. The stimulation was totally reversible by treatment with EDTA. Maximum stimulation was dependent on the concentration of NAD+ used in the assay; an increase in Km value of NAD+ was observed to parallel the increase in maximal velocity with increasing Mg2+ concentration, indicating that alterations in the catalytic properties of the E2 isozyme occur in the presence of Mg2+. The presteady state burst of NADH product was observed to decrease in the presence of Mg2+, suggesting that the rate-limiting step of the dehydrogenase reaction is altered by Mg2+. No evidence for Mg2+-induced alterations in the molecular weight properties of the E2 isozyme was observed using gel filtration column chromatography and fluorescence polarization techniques. In addition, no alterations in the inactivating properties of iodoacetamide or disulfiram were produced by Mg2+. These results suggest that the mechanism by which human mitochondrial aldehyde dehydrogenase ( E2) is stimulated by Mg2+ is different from that of the horse enzyme, representing a significant species difference.[1]


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