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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Demonstration of two different reactive sulfhydryl groups in the ATP-binding sites of Ca2+-ATPase of sarcoplasmic reticulum by disulfides of thioinosine triphosphates.

1. The disulfide of thioinosine triphosphate, (SnoPPP)2, is a substrate of the Ca2+-pump and the Ca2+-ATPase of sarcoplasmic reticulum (Km = 400 microM). 2. Inactivation of Ca2+-ATPase by the beta,gamma-methylene diphosphonate analogue of the disulfide of thioinosine triphosphate, (SnoPP[CH2]P)2, in the presence of (Ca2+ + Mg2+ + K+) is preceeded by a dissociable enzyme inhibitor complex with a dissociation constant of 130 microM for a low-affinity binding site. ATP protected Ca2+-ATPase against the inactivation under these conditions with a dissociation constant of 140 microM. 3. Kinetic analysis of the inactivations of Ca2+-ATPase by (SnoPP[CH2]P)2 in the absence of Ca2+ and Mg2+ but the presence of K+ and EGTA led to the appearance of two nucleotide binding sites with two different inactivation velocities. Inactivation rate constants k2 were found for the rapid inactivating part (k2' = 1.44 X 10(-2) s-1) and the slow inactivating part (k2" = 1.15 X 10(-3) s-1). From the protective effect of ATP under these conditions a high-affinity (Kd = 48.78 microM) and a low-affinity ATP binding site (Kd = 114 microM) were apparent. 4. The affinity of the analogues to the enzyme is decreased in the sequence: (SnoPPP)2 > (SnoPP[NH]P)2 > (SnoPP[CH2]P)2 > (SnoP)2. 5. (SnoPPP)2-inactivated Ca2+-ATPase was reactivated by incubation with dithiothreitol. 6. Inactivation of Ca2+-ATPase by [gamma-32P](SnoPPP)2 in the presence of (Mg2+ + K+ + Ca2+) or (EGTA + K+) was accompanied by the incorporation of hydroxylamine-insensitive radioactivity into the acid-precipitable protein. The enzyme-bound [gamma-32P]SnoPPP was cleaved by dithiothreitol. 7. It is concluded that (SnoPPP)2 and its non-hydrolyzable analogues (SnoPP[NH]P)2 and (SnoPP[CH2]P)2 act as ATP affinity labels and form mixed disulfides with a sulfhydryl group within the active site.[1]


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