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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Comparative subcellular distribution of aldehyde dehydrogenase in rat, mouse and rabbit liver.

The subcellular distribution of hepatic aldehyde dehydrogenase (ALDH) activity was determined in Buffalo, Fischer 344, Long-Evans, Sprague-Dawley, Wistar and Purdue/Wistar rats. These subcellular distributions were compared to the distribution of mouse and rabbit liver ALDH. For the six rat strains, at millimolar propionaldehyde concentrations, NAD-dependent ALDH activity was associated primarily with mitochondria (51%) and microsomes (30%). At millimolar acetaldehyde concentrations, NAD-dependent ALDH was primarily mitochondrial (up to 80%). Less than 1% of total NAD-dependent aldehyde dehydrogenase was found in the cytosol. The highly inbred Purdue/Wistar line possessed significantly less acetaldehyde-NAD ALDH activity as well as less total NADP-dependent ALDH activity than the other strains. In CD-1 mouse liver, millimolar Km, NAD-dependent ALDH activity was found in mitochondria (60%), microsomes (23%) and cytosol (5%). In rabbit liver, millimolar Km, NAD-dependent ALDH was also distributed among mitochondria (36%), microsomes (19%) and cytosol (28%). At micromolar substrate concentrations, mitochondria possessed the majority of rat, mouse and rabbit liver ALDH activity. In all three species, NADP-dependent ALDH activity was found predominantly in the microsomal fraction (up to 65%). The cytosol possessed little NADP-dependent ALDH in any species. We conclude that there are significant species differences in the subcellular distribution of aldehyde dehydrogenase between rat, mouse and rabbit liver. In all three species, mitochondria and microsomes possessed the majority of hepatic aldehyde dehydrogenase activity. However, the cytosol of mouse and rabbit liver also made a significant contribution to total ALDH activity. For the six rat strains examined, liver cytosol possessed little or no ALDH activity.[1]


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