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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

The mechanism of cocarcinogenic action of ethanol in rat liver.

The effects of chronic alcohol consumption on nitrosamine metabolism in vivo, DNA synthesis and repair, and carcinogen-induced preneoplasia were studied in rat liver. Following a single injection of different doses of 14C-N-nitrosodimethylamine, there was no significant difference between controls and ethanol-pretreated rats in the alkylation pattern of cellular protein nor in the levels of the alkylation products 7-methylguanine and O6-methylguanine isolated from liver DNA. O6-Methylguanine-specific DNA repair was also unchanged. An increase in the number and size of foci staining negative for adenosine triphosphatase and/or positive for gamma-glutamyltranspeptidase was observed in rats treated intermittently with ethanol and N-nitrosomorpholine. The numbers of clear-cell and mixed-cell foci were also increased. An ethanol-mediated enhancement of DNA synthesis, which was ascertained by different methods, may be related to this cocarcinogenic action of the alcohol. Ethanol, however, failed to demonstrate promoting activity. Long-term treatment of carcinogen pretreated rats with ethanol, according to the classical initiation-promotion protocol, had no effect on the incidence of preneoplastic foci in liver.[1]


  1. The mechanism of cocarcinogenic action of ethanol in rat liver. Schwarz, M., Buchmann, A., Moore, M., Kunz, W. IARC Sci. Publ. (1984) [Pubmed]
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