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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Identification of tissue kallikrein in brain and in the cell-free translation product encoded by brain mRNA.

A monoclonal antibody against purified rat urinary kallikrein was coupled to agarose and used to isolate kallikrein from rat brain. The purified enzyme has N alpha-tosyl-L-arginine methyl esterase activity with a pH optimum at 9.0, kinin-releasing activity from a purified low molecular weight kininogen, and a parallelism with standard curves of rat urinary kallikrein in a direct radioimmunoassay. Brain kallikrein is inhibited by a series of tissue kallikrein inhibitors with IC50 values similar to those for urinary kallikrein. The purified brain enzyme was labeled with [14C]diisopropylphosphorofluoridate and visualized by fluorography on a sodium dodecyl sulfate-polyacrylamide gel. Electrophoretic mobility of the enzyme was closely similar to that of urinary kallikrein with estimated Mr of approximately 38,000. With Western blot analyses using a rabbit anti-kallikrein antibody, both brain and urinary kallikrein were visualized at identical positions by immunoperoxidase staining and by autoradiography with 125I-protein A binding. Brain mRNA was used to direct cell-free protein synthesis in wheat germ and rabbit reticulocyte lysate systems. [35S]Methionine-labeled kallikrein was identified by fluorography of sodium dodecyl sulfate-polyacrylamide gels after the translation products were subject to immunoprecipitation with affinity-purified kallikrein antibody. Collectively, the data show that tissue kallikrein exists in brain and can be synthesized by brain mRNA.[1]


  1. Identification of tissue kallikrein in brain and in the cell-free translation product encoded by brain mRNA. Chao, J., Woodley, C., Chao, L., Margolius, H.S. J. Biol. Chem. (1983) [Pubmed]
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