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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Differential processing of prodynorphin and proenkephalin in specific regions of the rat brain.

Prodynorphin-derived peptides [dynorphin A (Dyn A)-(1-17), Dyn A-(1-8), Dyn B, alpha-neo-endorphin, and beta-neo-endorphin] and proenkephalin-derived peptides [[Leu]enkephalin [( Leu]Enk) and [Met]enkephalin-Arg6-Gly7-Leu8 [( Met]Enk-Arg-Gly-Leu]) in selected brain areas of the rat were measured by specific radioimmunoassays. We report here that different regions of rat brain contain strikingly different proportions of the prodynorphin and proenkephalin-derived peptides. There is a molar excess of alpha-neo-endorphin-derived peptides over Dyn B and Dyn A-derived peptides in many brain areas. [Leu]Enk concentrations exceed those of [Met]Enk-Arg-Gly-Leu in certain brain areas such as the substantia nigra, dentate gyrus, globus pallidus, and median eminence (areas rich in dynorphin-related peptides). These results indicated that (i) there is differential processing of prodynorphin in different brain regions and (ii) [Leu]Enk may be derived from Dyn A or Dyn B (or both). In certain brain regions [Leu]Enk may derive from two separate precursors (prodynorphin and proenkephalin) in two distinct neuronal systems.[1]


  1. Differential processing of prodynorphin and proenkephalin in specific regions of the rat brain. Zamir, N., Weber, E., Palkovits, M., Brownstein, M. Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A. (1984) [Pubmed]
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