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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Biochemical characterization of arylsulfatases detected in granulomatous inflammation.

Arylsulfatases A and B were measured in the liver of mice infected with Schistosoma mansoni. The increase of total arylsulfatases paralleled enlargement of the granulomas. It began at 7 weeks after infection and reached a maximum at 10 to 14 weeks when the enzyme activity became about 2.5 times that of normal liver. The elevated enzyme activity was due to granulomatous tissue, because when granulomas were separated from hepatic cells, the former contained the increased activity but the latter did not. Arylsulfatase A, arylsulfatase B, and arylsulfatase Bv, in both normal liver and granulomas, were separated by anion-exchange column chromatography and differences in net charges of these enzymes were demonstrated by polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis. Biochemical properties were indistinguishable between arylsulfatase B and arylsulfatase Bv while they differed from arylsulfatase A. Granulomas at 8 weeks after infection showed 3.0-, 3.5-, and 5.0-fold increases in activity for arylsulfatase A, B, and Bv, respectively. As the granulomas enlarged, by 12 weeks, arylsulfatases B and Bv activities further increased but the arylsulfatase A value remained the same as that of 8 weeks. The finding suggests that arylsulfatases are involved in granuloma development and arylsulfatases B and Bv activities may reflect functions of macrophages and other cells including fibroblasts.[1]


  1. Biochemical characterization of arylsulfatases detected in granulomatous inflammation. Higuchi, M., Ito, Y., Fukuyama, K., Epstein, W.L. Exp. Mol. Pathol. (1984) [Pubmed]
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