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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Purification and properties of the bifunctional proline dehydrogenase/1-pyrroline-5-carboxylate dehydrogenase from Pseudomonas aeruginosa.

Proline dehydrogenase/1-pyrroline-5-carboxylate dehydrogenase (Pro/P5C dehydrogenase), a bifunctional enzyme catalyzing the two consecutive reactions of the oxidation of proline to glutamic acid, was purified from Pseudomonas aeruginosa strain PAO1. Pro/P5C dehydrogenase oxidized L-proline in an FAD-dependent reaction to L-delta 1-pyrroline-5-carboxylic acid and converted this intermediate with NAD or NADP as cosubstrates to L-glutamic acid. The purification procedure involved DEAE-cellulose chromatography, affinity chromatography on Matrex gel red A and gel filtration on Sephadex G-200. It resulted, after 40-fold purification with 11% yield, in a homogeneous preparation (greater than 98% pure). The molecular weight of the single subunit was determined as 119,000. Gel filtration of purified Pro/P5C dehydrogenase yielded a molecular weight of 242,000 while polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis under native conditions led to the appearance of two catalytically active forms of the enzyme with molecular weights of 241,000 and 470,000. Manual Edman degradation revealed proline, alanine and aspartic acid as the N-terminal amino acid sequence. Pro/P5C dehydrogenase was highly specific for the L-forms of proline and delta 1-pyrroline-5-carboxylic acid. Its apparent Km values were 45 mM for L-proline, 0.03 mM for NAD and 0.17 mM for NADP. The saturation function for delta 1-pyrroline-5-carboxylic acid was non-hyperbolic.[1]


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