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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

A direct effect of medroxyprogesterone acetate on 17 beta-hydroxysteroid dehydrogenase in adult rat testis.

Sixty-day-old rats were divided into four groups and treated for 30 days with either medroxyprogesterone acetate (Provera), gonadotropins (bovine LH and ovine FSH), Provera plus gonadotropins, or saline. The progestin treatment resulted in a lowering of plasma levels of testosterone, androstenedione, and LH, as well as in a reduction of epididymal sperm counts and accessory sex organ weights. The progestin-treated groups showed markedly lower levels of testicular 17 beta-hydroxysteroid dehydrogenase activity (35% of controls) and delta 5,3 beta-hydroxysteroid dehydrogenase activity (70% of controls). Rats treated with only gonadotropins exhibited reduced 17 beta-hydroxysteroid dehydrogenase but increased delta 5,3 beta-hydroxysteroid dehydrogenase activities. It was concluded from these results that progestins may affect testicular steroidogenesis and spermatogenesis not only by reducing LH secretion but also by a direct effect on the testis, as LH suppression could not account for the inhibition of 17 beta-hydroxysteroid dehydrogenase activity. Long term progestin treatment did not alter the steroidogenic response of the testis to acute administration of LH, although the testosterone to androstenedione ratio in plasma was decreased.[1]


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