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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Nitric oxide: a mediator in rat tubular hypoxia/reoxygenation injury.

Nitric oxide (NO), among several other functions, may play a role in hypoxia and reoxygenation injury due to its free radical nature and high reactivity with the superoxide radical to yield peroxynitrite, an oxidant molecule. The present study was undertaken to evaluate a potential role for NO, either endogenous or exogenous, in a model of hypoxia/reoxygenation (H/R) in freshly isolated rat proximal tubules. NO synthase activity, as assessed by conversion of L-[3H]arginine to L-[3H]citrulline, was detected in normoxic tubules. This activity could be inhibited by N-nitro-L-arginine methyl ester (L-NAME), a NO synthase inhibitor, and was stimulated by 15 min of hypoxia. The injury in proximal tubules caused by 15 min of hypoxia followed by 35 min of reoxygenation was completely prevented by L-NAME as assessed by release of lactate dehydrogenase, whereas D-NAME, which does not inhibit NO synthase, had no effect. In contrast, L-arginine (NO substrate) enhanced the H/R injury. These effects were paralleled by nitrite/nitrate production. In separate experiments, the addition of sodium nitroprusside, a NO donor, to proximal tubules enhanced the H/R injury; this effect could be blocked by hemoglobin, a NO scavenger. Also, addition of nitroprusside reversed L-NAME protection against H/R injury. These results demonstrate that NO is synthesized in rat proximal tubules and participates as one of the mediators in rat tubular H/R injury.[1]


  1. Nitric oxide: a mediator in rat tubular hypoxia/reoxygenation injury. Yu, L., Gengaro, P.E., Niederberger, M., Burke, T.J., Schrier, R.W. Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A. (1994) [Pubmed]
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