The world's first wiki where authorship really matters (Nature Genetics, 2008). Due credit and reputation for authors. Imagine a global collaborative knowledge base for original thoughts. Search thousands of articles and collaborate with scientists around the globe.

wikigene or wiki gene protein drug chemical gene disease author authorship tracking collaborative publishing evolutionary knowledge reputation system wiki2.0 global collaboration genes proteins drugs chemicals diseases compound
Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Antigen-induced airway responses are inhibited by a potassium channel opener.

We have investigated the effect of a potassium channel opener, BRL 38227, on antigen-induced bronchoconstriction and airway microvascular leakage in sensitized guinea pigs by simultaneously measuring pulmonary resistance (Rl) and extravasation of Evans blue dye. Guinea pigs were sensitized 3 wk before experimentation with ovalbumin (OA) and aluminum hydroxide. The trachea was cannulated, and lungs were mechanically ventilated. All animals were pretreated 30 min before experimentation with atropine (1 mg/kg intravenously) and propranolol 1 mg/kg to block muscarinic and beta-adrenergic responses, respectively. BRL 38227 (200 micrograms/kg) was administered intravenously 1 min before intravenous dye injection (30 mg/kg); OA (3 mg/ml) was inhaled using an ultrasonic nebulizer (for 30 s) 1 min after dye injection. BRL 38227 significantly inhibited OA-induced bronchoconstrictor response (p < 0.01) and plasma leakage in trachea (p < 0.05) and main bronchi (p < 0.05). BRL 38227 also had an inhibitory effect on exogenous histamine- and leukotriene-induced bronchoconstriction and microvascular leakage. However, BRL 38227 did not affect OA-induced histamine release from minced lung tissues in sensitized guinea pigs. We conclude that the allergic bronchoconstrictor response and airway plasma leakage are inhibited by a potassium channel opener, possibly as a result of its effect on the airway smooth muscle and the postcapillary venule level.[1]


  1. Antigen-induced airway responses are inhibited by a potassium channel opener. Ichinose, M., Miura, M., Takahashi, T., Yamauchi, H., Nakajima, N., Igarashi, A., Ishikawa, J., Inoue, H., Maeyama, K., Watanabe, T. Am. J. Respir. Crit. Care Med. (1994) [Pubmed]
WikiGenes - Universities