The world's first wiki where authorship really matters (Nature Genetics, 2008). Due credit and reputation for authors. Imagine a global collaborative knowledge base for original thoughts. Search thousands of articles and collaborate with scientists around the globe.

wikigene or wiki gene protein drug chemical gene disease author authorship tracking collaborative publishing evolutionary knowledge reputation system wiki2.0 global collaboration genes proteins drugs chemicals diseases compound
Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Proteolytic action of thrombin is required for electrical activity-dependent synapse reduction.

Molecular mechanisms of activity-dependent synapse reduction were studied in an in vitro mammalian neuromuscular preparation. Synapse reduction in this model is activity-dependent and is substantially reduced by the broad-spectrum protease inhibitor, leupeptin, suggesting the role of activity-dependent proteolytic action in the process. Our present experiments show that a potent and specific thrombin inhibitor, hirudin, at nanomolar concentration completely blocked the activity-dependent synapse reduction. Furthermore, a naturally occurring serine protease inhibitor, protease nexin I ( PNI), which closely colocalizes with acetylcholine receptors at the neuromuscular junction, inhibited the synapse reduction at the same low concentration. In contrast, neither cystatin, a cysteine protease inhibitor, nor aprotinin, a serine protease inhibitor that does not inhibit thrombin, blocked the synapse reduction. Similarly, neither of the inhibitors of the calcium-activated proteases calpain I and II prevented the reduction of synapses. These results strongly suggest that serine proteolytic action by thrombin or thrombin-like molecules is required for synapse reduction in our in vitro model of the mammalian neuromuscular junction.[1]


  1. Proteolytic action of thrombin is required for electrical activity-dependent synapse reduction. Liu, Y., Fields, R.D., Festoff, B.W., Nelson, P.G. Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A. (1994) [Pubmed]
WikiGenes - Universities