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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

1,5-Anhydro-D-glucitol evaluates daily glycemic excursions in well-controlled NIDDM.

OBJECTIVE--To evaluate the usefulness of plasma 1,5-anhydro-D-glucitol (1,5-AG) as a possible marker for daily glycemic excursion, we measured plasma 1,5-AG, HbA1c, fasting plasma glucose (FPG) level, and daily excursion of glycemia, from which the M-value (after Schlichtkrull) was calculated as an index of daily glycemic excursion. RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODS--The subjects were 76 patients with well-controlled non-insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus (NIDDM) treated with diet therapy only (diet, n = 17), oral hypoglycemic agents (OHA, n = 28), conventional insulin therapy ( CIT, n = 16), or multiple insulin injection therapy (MIT, n = 15). RESULTS--HbA1c values were similar among all the groups (diet, 6.9 +/- 0.6; OHA, 7.2 +/- 0.5; CIT, 7.1 +/- 0.6; MIT, 7.2 +/- 0.5%). The MIT group showed a significantly higher 1,5-AG concentration (11.5 +/- 5.3 micrograms/ml), a significantly lower M-value (9.2 +/- 5.2), and little risk of hypoglycemia ( < 4 mmol/l) and hyperglycemia ( > 10 mmol/l) (1.3 +/- 1.1 times/24 h) compared with the CIT group (6.9 +/- 3.3 micrograms/ml, 15.7 +/- 8.9, 2.2 +/- 1.6 times/24 h, respectively). Insulin doses (22.4 +/- 4.5 vs. 22.0 +/- 8.9 U/day), FPG (6.6 +/- 2.2 vs. 7.4 +/- 2.4 mmol/l), and HbA1c concentrations were not significantly different between the CIT and MIT groups. M-values significantly correlated with 1,5-AG concentrations (r = 0.414, P < 0.05), but not with HbA1c concentrations. CONCLUSIONS--The findings suggest that the plasma 1,5-AG concentration can be a useful index of the daily excursion of blood glucose, especially in patients with well-controlled NIDDM.[1]


  1. 1,5-Anhydro-D-glucitol evaluates daily glycemic excursions in well-controlled NIDDM. Kishimoto, M., Yamasaki, Y., Kubota, M., Arai, K., Morishima, T., Kawamori, R., Kamada, T. Diabetes Care (1995) [Pubmed]
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