The world's first wiki where authorship really matters (Nature Genetics, 2008). Due credit and reputation for authors. Imagine a global collaborative knowledge base for original thoughts. Search thousands of articles and collaborate with scientists around the globe.

wikigene or wiki gene protein drug chemical gene disease author authorship tracking collaborative publishing evolutionary knowledge reputation system wiki2.0 global collaboration genes proteins drugs chemicals diseases compound
Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Prolonged pulmonary vasodilator action of inhaled nitric oxide by Zaprinast in awake lambs.

Inhaled nitric oxide (NO) has been shown to selectively dilate the pulmonary vasculature. Zaprinast, an inhibitor of guanosine 3',5'-cyclic monophosphate-specific phosphodiesterase, augments smooth muscle relaxation induced by endothelium-dependent vasodilators. The present study was designed to determine whether intravenous administration of Zaprinast potentiates the vasodilating effects or prolongs the duration of action of intermittent NO inhalation. Eight awake lambs with U-46619-induced pulmonary hypertension breathed three concentrations of NO (5, 10, and 20 ppm) in a random order before and during an intravenous Zaprinast infusion (0.1 Inhaled NO decreased pulmonary arterial pressure (PAP) in a dose-dependent fashion, with mean PAP reduction at 5, 10, and 20 ppm NO inhalation of 6 +/- 1, 7 +/- 1, and 9 +/- 1 (SE) mmHg, respectively. Although the Zaprinast infusion did not change the magnitude of mean PAP reduction, it caused a statistically significant reduction of pulmonary vascular resistance and prolonged the duration of action of inhaled NO (half-times of vasodilator response to 5, 10, and 20 ppm NO inhalation: 1.9 +/- 0.1, 2.1 +/- 0.2, and 2.1 +/- 0.2 min, respectively; half-times of NO inhalation with Zaprinast: 9.7 +/- 1.7, 11.5 +/- 2.2, and 12.3 +/- 2.0, respectively). Plasma concentrations as well as the transpulmonary differences of guanosine 3',5'-cyclic monophosphate were increased by the Zaprinast infusion during NO inhalation. A stable level of pulmonary vasodilation was demonstrated in four additional lambs by combining intermittent NO breathing with an intravenous infusion of Zaprinast.[1]


  1. Prolonged pulmonary vasodilator action of inhaled nitric oxide by Zaprinast in awake lambs. Ichinose, F., Adrie, C., Hurford, W.E., Zapol, W.M. J. Appl. Physiol. (1995) [Pubmed]
WikiGenes - Universities