The world's first wiki where authorship really matters (Nature Genetics, 2008). Due credit and reputation for authors. Imagine a global collaborative knowledge base for original thoughts. Search thousands of articles and collaborate with scientists around the globe.

wikigene or wiki gene protein drug chemical gene disease author authorship tracking collaborative publishing evolutionary knowledge reputation system wiki2.0 global collaboration genes proteins drugs chemicals diseases compound
Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

PilR, a transcriptional regulator of piliation in Pseudomonas aeruginosa, binds to a cis-acting sequence upstream of the pilin gene promoter.

The PilR protein of Pseudomonas aeruginosa is a transcriptional activator of the pilin gene and belongs to a two-component sensor-regulator family. PilR was overproduced by fusing pilR to the gene for the maltose- binding protein (malE), yielding a MalE-PilR hybrid protein. The plasmid with the malE-pilR fusion, when introduced into a non-piliated pilR mutant strain of P. aeruginosa, restored piliation, indicating that the hybrid protein retains PilR function in vivo. The MalE-PilR protein was purified from Escherichia coli and used in a series of DNA-binding studies. A specific pilin promoter-binding activity of MalE-PilR was observed in a gel retardation assay. Subsequent DNase I footprinting analysis revealed a 40 bp PilR-binding site located at the -120 to -80 region, relative to the transcriptional start site of the pilin gene. This PilR-binding region consists of a nine-base sequence and three consensus sequences of 5'-(N)4-6C/GTGTC-3', in a tandem array in which the first 7-9 bp are bound by the PilR on the non-coding strand, leaving the last two nucleotides (TC) unbound. On the coding strand, PilR binds to sequences complementary to the two middle consensus sequences of the non-coding strand. A sequence similar to the NifA recognition site (5'-TGT-(N)11-ACA-3') is also found within the PilR-binding region. Deletion analysis and disruption of the individual consensus PilR-binding sequences by site-directed mutagenesis revealed that all four PilR-binding sites are absolutely required for the PilS/PilR-mediated pilin gene expression.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS)[1]


WikiGenes - Universities