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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Receptor for interleukin 13. Interaction with interleukin 4 by a mechanism that does not involve the common gamma chain shared by receptors for interleukins 2, 4, 7, 9, and 15.

Interleukin 13 (IL-13) shares many biological properties with IL-4, and although the receptor for IL-4 (IL-4R) has been characterized, the expression and structure of IL-13 receptor are unknown. We report here that human renal cell carcinoma (RCC) cells express large numbers of functional IL-13R. Human B lymphocytes and monocytes expressed a very small number of IL-13R, while resting or activated human T cells expressed little or no IL-13R. IL-4 did not compete for IL-13 binding, while IL-13 competed for IL-4 binding, even though IL-4R and IL-13R are structurally distinct on human RCC cells. IL-13 cross- linked with one major protein that is similar in size to the gamma c subunit of IL-2, -4, -7, -9, and -15 receptors but was not recognized by anti-gamma c or anti-IL-4R antibodies. IL-4, on the other hand, cross-linked with two major proteins, the smaller of which appears to be similar in size to IL-13R and gamma c, but (like the IL-13R) it did not react with anti-gamma c antibody. Although as shown in this study and in previous studies, gamma c is a functional component of IL-4R in lymphoid cells, it does not appear to be associated with IL-4R on RCC cells. Even in the absence of common gamma chain IL-4 and IL-13 were able to up-regulate intracellular adhesion molecule-1 antigen on RCC cells. These data suggest that the interaction of IL-13 with IL-4R does not involve gamma c and IL-13R itself may be a novel subunit of the IL-4R.[1]


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