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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Human thioredoxin reductase directly reduces lipid hydroperoxides by NADPH and selenocystine strongly stimulates the reaction via catalytically generated selenols.

Human placenta thioredoxin reductase ( HP- TR) in the presence of NADPH-catalyzed reduction of (15S)-hydroperoxy-(5Z),(8Z),11(Z),13(E)-eicosatetraenoic acid ((15S)-HPETE) into the corresponding alcohol ((15S)-HETE). Incubation of 50 nM HP- TR and 0.5 mM NADPH with 300 microM 15-HPETE for 5 min resulted in formation of 16.5 microM 15-HETE. After 60 min, 74.7 microM 15-HPETE was reduced. The rate of the reduction of 15-HPETE by the HP- TR/NADPH peroxidase system was increased 8-fold by the presence of 2.5 microM selenocystine, a diselenide amino acid. In this case, 15-HPETE was catalytically reduced by the selenol amino acid, selenocysteine, generated from the diselenide by the HP- TR/NADPH system. To a smaller extent, selenodiglutathione or human thioredoxin also potentiated the reduction of 15-HPETE by HP- TR. Hydrogen peroxide and 15-HPETE were reduced at approximately the same rate by HP- TR, thioredoxin, and selenocystine. In contrast, t-butyl hydroperoxide was reduced at a 10-fold lower rate. Our data suggest two novel pathways for the reduction and detoxification of lipid hydroperoxides, hydrogen peroxide, and organic hydroperoxides, i.e. the human thioredoxin reductase-dependent pathway and a coupled reduction in the presence of selenols or selenide resulting from the reduction of selenocystine or selenodiglutathione.[1]


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