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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Point mutation of the somatostatin receptor 2 gene in the human small cell lung cancer cell line COR-L103.

The effect of somatostatin ( SS) on adrenocorticotrophic hormone (ACTH) secretion from COR-L103 cells derived from a human small cell lung carcinoma was examined. SS at 1 microM had no effect on ACTH secretion from the cells on either short-term or long-term incubation. Studies by the reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) showed that mRNA transcripts of the somatostatin receptor (SSTR) 2, SSTR3 and SSTR4 genes were present in COR-L103 cells. Extra bands were obtained by PCR-single strand conformation polymorphism (SSCP) analysis of the SSTR2 gene Sequence analysis of the SSTR2 gene demonstrated one point mutation in codon 188 of TGG for tryptophan to TGA for a stop codon causing loss of 182 C-terminal amino acid residues of SSTR2. The nucleotide sequences of the SSTR3 and SSTR4 genes in COR-L103 cells were normal. Binding studies using 125I-Tyr11-SS-14 showed specific affinity binding sites on COR-L103 cells and mouse pituitary tumor AtT-20 cells. Octreotide acetate suppressed the binding of 125I-Tyr11-SS-14 to these two cell lines, but the Kd of COR-L103 cells (160 nM) was 60-fold higher than that of AtT-20 cells (2.6 nM). Affinity cross-linking studies using 125I-Tyr11-SS-14 gave three bands of 72 KDa, 55 KDa and 32 KDa from AtT-20 cells, but only two bands of 55KDa and 32kDa from COR-L103 cells. These findings suggest that SSTR2 is not expressed in the plasma membranes of COR-L103 cells due to a point mutation, but that this may have no influence on the effect of SS on ACTH secretion.[1]


  1. Point mutation of the somatostatin receptor 2 gene in the human small cell lung cancer cell line COR-L103. Zhang, C.Y., Yokogoshi, Y., Yoshimoto, K., Fujinaka, Y., Matsumoto, K., Saito, S. Biochem. Biophys. Res. Commun. (1995) [Pubmed]
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