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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Role for Ca2+ in expression of cell cycle regulated genes in PAF-stimulated cells.

Platelet-activating factor (PAF) is a powerful stimulator of a wide variety of cells. In transformed human B-lymphoblastoid cell lines, PAF increases intracellular Ca2+ concentrations ([Ca2+]i) and induces the expression of the proto-oncogenes c-fos and early growth response gene-2 (EGR2). Here, we present data that evaluates the role of Ca2+ in the PAF-dependent induction of these cell-cycle activated genes. PAF (10(-7) M) increased c-fos and EGR2 mRNA levels in cells suspended in Ca(2+)-containing medium by 6-10-fold. In PAF-stimulated cells suspended in medium depleted of Ca2+, eliminating Ca2+ influx but not intracellular store release of Ca2+, the induction of gene expression was reduced by approx. 50%. In contrast, buffering of Ca2+ released from intracellular stores but maintaining transmembrane Ca2+ uptake had little effect on gene expression. When both sources of Ca2+ were eliminated, PAF-stimulated expression of these genes was completely prevented. This was not due to any toxicity to the cells since the response to phorbol ester under identical conditions was unaffected. The regulation of c-fos mRNA expression was paralleled by changes in levels of FOS protein. These data indicate that changes in [Ca2+]i, primarily from stimulated entry across the plasma membrane and to a lesser extent release of Ca2+ from sequestered intracellular stores, play an essential role in PAF-dependent triggering of c-fos and EGR2 mRNA expression.[1]


  1. Role for Ca2+ in expression of cell cycle regulated genes in PAF-stimulated cells. Mazer, B.D., Domenico, J., Szepesi, A., Lucas, J.J., Gelfand, E.W. Journal of lipid mediators and cell signalling. (1994) [Pubmed]
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