The world's first wiki where authorship really matters (Nature Genetics, 2008). Due credit and reputation for authors. Imagine a global collaborative knowledge base for original thoughts. Search thousands of articles and collaborate with scientists around the globe.

wikigene or wiki gene protein drug chemical gene disease author authorship tracking collaborative publishing evolutionary knowledge reputation system wiki2.0 global collaboration genes proteins drugs chemicals diseases compound
Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Transfection of mu MDR 1 inhibits Na(+)-independent Cl-/-HCO3 exchange in Chinese hamster ovary cells.

We have used single-cell photometry to measure intracellular pH (pHi) for several MDR cell lines constructed by stably transfecting LR73 chinese hamster ovary fibroblasts with mutant and wild type murine MDR 1 genes. In addition, plasma membrane electrical potential (delta psi) has been measured for the same cells by the K+/valinomycin null point titration method using the ratiometric styryl probe di-4-ANEPPS. Both the untransfected, parental cell line and a cell line expressing substantial mutant MDR 1 protein (K432R/K1074R) that is unable to confer the MDR phenotype are found to have delta psi > or = -40 (+/- 5) mV and pHi < or = 7.16 (+/- 0.03) units. In contrast, MDR cell lines constructed by transfecting wild type mu MDR 1 cDNA are found to exhibit delta psi from 15 to 19 mV lower and pHi from 0.13 to 0.34 units higher. A cell line that overexpresses crippled MDR protein (S941F) that is not resistant to colchicine or doxorubicin, but which is resistant to vinblastine [Gros, P., Dhir, R., Croop, J., & Talbot, F. (1991) Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A. 88, 7289-7293], exhibits elevated pHi and slightly elevated delta psi, relative to LR73. Northern and western blot analyses confirm the substantial overexpression of the mu MDR genes and proteins in these lines, as well as the mild overexpression of endogenous hamster p-GP mRNA in some lines. In general agreement with previous studies that examined myeloma cells overexpressing hu MDR 1 protein [Roepe, P.D., Wei, L.-Y., Cruz, J., & Carlson, D. (1993) Biochemistry 32, 11042-11056] we find that overexpression of wild type mu MDR 1 protein inhibits Cl(-)- and -HCO3-dependent pHi homeostasis. Via single-cell photometry studies we now conclude that this is due to inhibition of Na(+)-independent Cl-/-HCO3 exchange (strict anion exchange or AE). As concluded previously for other MDR cells, decreased AE activity is not due to decreased expression of the exchanger; in fact, again similar to previous work [Roepe et al. (1993) Biochemistry 32, 11042-11056], we find increased levels of AE mRNA in some MDR cell lines. Models that may explain these data that are also consistent with the known physiology of cells that endogenously express MDR protein are suggested. These data are consistent with a model for MDR protein function wherein overexpression of the protein decreases delta psi and/or elevates pHi via Cl(-)- and -HCO3-dependent mechanisms.[1]


WikiGenes - Universities