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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Alpha 1b-adrenoceptors mediate renal tubular sodium and water reabsorption in the rat.

1. It is known that activation of alpha 1-adrenoceptors causes renal vasoconstriction and increased tubular Na+ and water reabsorption, with the alpha 1a-subtype mediating the constrictor effect. 2. This study examines which subtype of alpha 1-adrenoceptors mediates tubular Na+ and water reabsorption in pentobarbitone-anaesthetized rats. In order to avoid systemic effects, phenylephrine (0.3 to 30 micrograms kg-1), methoxamine (0.1-10 micrograms kg-1) and vehicle were infused into the right renal artery (via the suprarenal artery) of three groups of rats. Two other groups of rats were continuously infused with the irreversible selective alpha 1b-adrenoceptor antagonist, chloroethylclonidine (3 mg kg-1 h-1) for 1 h, prior to the construction of dose-response curves to phenylephrine or methoxamine. Another group was continuously infused with the irreversible selective alpha 1a-adrenoceptor antagonist, SZL-49 (10 micrograms kg-1 h-1) for 1 h, prior to the construction of dose-response curves to phenylephrine. Mean arterial pressure (MAP), heart rate (HR), urine flow, Na+ and K+ excretion, and urine osmolality were monitored. 3. Phenylephrine and methoxamine did not affect MAP or HR but dose-dependently and significantly decreased urine flow, urine osmolality as well as Na+ excretion and, slightly increased K+ excretion, although this was significant only for phenylephrine. 4. The antidiuretic, antinatriuretic and kaliuretic effects of phenylephrine were abolished by pretreatment with chloroethylclonidine, but were not inhibited by SZL-49. The inhibitory effects of methoxamine on urine flow and Na+ excretion were also almost totally abolished by chloroethylclonidine. 5. Our results show that alpha 1b-adrenoceptors mediate renal tubular Na+ and water reabsorption.[1]


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