The world's first wiki where authorship really matters (Nature Genetics, 2008). Due credit and reputation for authors. Imagine a global collaborative knowledge base for original thoughts. Search thousands of articles and collaborate with scientists around the globe.

wikigene or wiki gene protein drug chemical gene disease author authorship tracking collaborative publishing evolutionary knowledge reputation system wiki2.0 global collaboration genes proteins drugs chemicals diseases compound
Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Cloning of the human DOPAchrome tautomerase/tyrosinase-related protein 2 gene and identification of two regulatory regions required for its pigment cell-specific expression.

We have cloned and sequenced the human genomic DNA segments encoding the 5'-flanking region and the first two exons of the DOPAchrome tautomerase (DT)/tyrosinase-related protein 2 (TRP-2) gene. The DT gene is a member of the tyrosinase gene family and specifically expressed in melanin-producing cells. A transcriptional initiation site of the DT gene was identified by S1 nuclease-mapping and primer-extension analyses using RNA prepared from human pigmented melanoma cells. To study the mechanism for pigment cell-specific expression of the human DT gene, we analyzed the promoter function of its 5'-flanking region by transient expression assays. The fusion genes, containing the DT gene promoter upstream from a firefly luciferase reporter gene, were introduced into human pigmented melanoma cells and HeLa cells, and the pigment cell-specific promoter activity was evaluated by comparing the luciferase activity expressed in both cell lines. A series of 5' deletion studies of the human DT gene promoter revealed that the 32-bp element, located between -447 and -415, is sufficient to confer pigment cell-specific expression of a reporter gene on a homologous promoter, but not on a heterologous simian virus 40 promoter. Internal deletion studies using a homologous or a heterologous promoter revealed that the pigment cell-specific expression of a reporter gene mediated by the 32-bp element is dependent on the presence of another region of the DT gene spanning from -268 to -56, which was termed the proximal region. However, the proximal region by itself is not sufficient to confer cell type-specific expression. These results indicate that the presence of two regulatory regions, the 32-bp element and the proximal region, is required for pigment cell-specific expression of the DT gene. Both regulatory regions contain a CANNTG motif, a well known binding site for a large family of transcription factors possessing a basic helix-loop-helix structure.[1]


WikiGenes - Universities