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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Thermodilution left-sided cardiac output for valve area determination after balloon mitral valvotomy.

This study was conducted to establish the validity of left-sided cardiac output measurement with a Swan-Ganz catheter and assess its accuracy in estimating mitral valve area (MVA) by the Gorlin formula. The use of right-sided cardiac output after balloon mitral valvotomy (BMV) can give inaccurate measurements for Gorlin-derived MVA because of the atrial septal defect ( ASD) created during the procedure. The left-sided cardiac output was measured with a Swan-Ganz catheter (proximal port in the left atrium and then in the left ventricle, and distal port in the ascending aorta) in 10 consecutive patients before and after BMV. Gorlin-derived MVA cardiac output by this method was compared with (1) Gorlin-derived MVA by means of right-sided cardiac output with and without balloon occlusion of the ASD and (2) MVA measured by echocardiography. Before BMV, a close agreement with a good correlation between left-sided and right-sided cardiac output was found (r = 0.83, p = 0.006). Furthermore, Gorlin-derived MVA by cardiac output with either method was comparable with valve area by echo. After BMV, left-sided cardiac output correlated well (r = 0.92, p = 0.0002) and was comparable with right-sided cardiac output with occlusion of the ASD (mean difference 0.17 +/- 0.49 L/min, p = 0.3) but was significantly lower than the value obtained with open ASD (mean difference 0.93 +/- 0.77 L/min, p = 0.004). Comparison of the correspondent MVAs yielded similar results. Gorlin-derived MVA with left-sided cardiac output and MVA by echo were also similar.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS)[1]


  1. Thermodilution left-sided cardiac output for valve area determination after balloon mitral valvotomy. Gamra, H., Zhang, H.P., Clugston, R.A., Whittaker, P., Allen, J.W., Lau, F.Y., Ruiz, C.E. Am. Heart J. (1994) [Pubmed]
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