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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

A fumagillin derivative angiogenesis inhibitor, AGM-1470, inhibits activation of cyclin-dependent kinases and phosphorylation of retinoblastoma gene product but not protein tyrosyl phosphorylation or protooncogene expression in vascular endothelial cells.

Fumagillin analogue AGM-1470 potently inhibits angiogenesis with a minimal toxicity in vivo and is expected to be of therapeutic use as a powerful antitumor agent (Ingber et al., Nature, 348:555-557, 1990). In the present study, we have investigated the effects and the mechanism of action of AGM-1470 on cultured human umbilical vein endothelial cells. AGM-1470 acts directly on endothelial cells to inhibit growth factor-induced DNA synthesis, with half maximal and maximal effects obtained at approximately 2 x 10(-10) and 5 x 10(-9) M, respectively. AGM-1470 does not inhibit early G1 mitogenic events, such as cellular protein tyrosyl phosphorylation or the expression of immediate early genes c-fos and c-myc, but potently inhibits phosphorylation of RB protein, a tumor suppressor retinoblastoma gene product. The later addition of AGM-1470 up to 3 h after the growth factor stimulation still exerts full inhibitory effects on both DNA synthesis and RB phosphorylation, suggesting that the major site of action of AGM-1470 is located relatively late in the G1 phase. AGM-1470 inhibits growth factor-induced activation of candidate RB kinases cdc2 and cdk2 but fails to inhibit them directly in vitro. AGM-1470 completely abolishes the growth factor-induced mRNA expression of cdc2 and cyclin A and partially inhibits that of cyclin E but has little effect on the mRNA level of cdk2, cdk4, or cyclin D1. These results indicate that angioinhibitory action of AGM-1470 involves suppression of mRNA expression of specific members of cdks and cyclins and of activation of both cdc2 and cdk2 kinases in endothelial cells.[1]


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