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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Efficacy and safety of fluvastatin in patients with non-insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus and hyperlipidemia.

The purpose of this study was to investigate the triglyceride-lowering effect of fluvastatin, a new 3-hydroxy-3-methylglutaryl-coenzyme A (HMG-CoA) reductase inhibitor, in the combined hyperlipidemia of non-insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus (NIDDM). In this double-blind trial, 66 patients with NIDDM (24 men and 42 women, age 37-71), with low-density lipoprotein cholesterol (LDL-C) levels of 130-300 mg/dL (3.4-7.8 mmol/L) and triglyceride (TG) levels of 200-1,000 mg/dL (2.3-11.3 mmol/L) despite an 8-week period of diet modification, were randomized to receive either fluvastatin at 20 mg once daily (at night) or placebo for 6 weeks, followed by an increase of fluvastatin to 20 mg twice daily for an additional 6 weeks of treatment. After 12 weeks, fluvastatin decreased plasma levels of total cholesterol by 19.9% (p < 0.001), LDL-C by 24.3% (p < 0.001), TG by 15.3% (p < 0.01), very low-density lipoprotein cholesterol (VLDL-C) by 19.7% (p < 0.001), apolipoprotein (apo) B by 21.3% (p < 0.001), and apo E by 18.1% (p < 0.05), whereas high-density lipoprotein cholesterol (HDL-C) levels were increased by 4.6% (p < 0.05). Within the intermediate-density lipoprotein cholesterol (IDL-C) fraction, a constituent analysis revealed a total cholesterol reduction of 35% (p < 0.01). Greater decreases in TG were seen in patients who had higher levels of TG at baseline. Slight increases in glycemic indices and body weight were seen in both treatment groups. The occurrence of clinical and laboratory abnormalities was similar with both active treatment and placebo, and no myositis was observed. Slight increases in aspartate (ASAT; mean 5.6 U/L at the higher dose) and alanine (ALAT; mean 5.1 U/L at the higher dose) aminotransferases were not clinically significant. In this first, parallel-group placebo-controlled trial of a reductase inhibitor in a free-living NIDDM population, fluvastatin safely improved the combined TG, VLDL-C, IDL-C, LDL-C, and HDL-C abnormalities associated with NIDDM.[1]


  1. Efficacy and safety of fluvastatin in patients with non-insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus and hyperlipidemia. Knopp, R.H., Frohlich, J., Jokubaitis, L.A., Dawson, K., Broyles, F.E., Gomez-Coronado, D. Am. J. Med. (1994) [Pubmed]
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