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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Effects of dexmedetomidine on systemic and coronary hemodynamics in the anesthetized dog.

In addition to central effects, which are the basis of their use in anesthesiology, alpha 2-adrenergic agonists have direct peripheral cardiovascular effects. Dexmedetomidine (DM) has been found to depress cardiac function in dogs, even after autonomic denervation. The present experiments evaluated the effects of DM on coronary flow, myocardial oxygen extraction, and cardiac function in intact, open chest dogs under enflurane anesthesia. Heart rate (HR), mean arterial pressure (MAP), left ventricular end-diastolic pressure (LVEDP), the first derivative of systolic left ventricular pressure (dP/dtmax), and flow in the left anterior descending coronary artery (CBF) were measured and continuously recorded. Cardiac output (CO), plasma catecholamines (CA), hemoglobin and oxygen saturation in arterial, mixed venous, and coronary sinus blood were measured at intervals. Cardiac index (CI), systemic vascular resistance index (SVRI), regional coronary vascular resistance (CVR), and oxygen concentration differences across the systemic [C(a-v)O2], and coronary [C(a-cs)O2] circulations were calculated. DM doses of 0.25, 0.5, 1.0, 2.0, and 4.0 micrograms/kg were given IV at 20-minute intervals. Measurements and samples were taken at peak drug effects and just prior to the next dose. The alpha 2-antagonist atipamezole, 0.5 mg/kg, was given after the last dose of DM. DM caused immediate dose-dependent increases in SVRI, CVR, LVEDP, C(a-v)O2, and C(a-cs)O2, and decreases in HR, and CI, with recovery between doses. DP/dtmax declined after the first two doses and stabilized thereafter, as plasma CA fell to minimal levels. Atipamezole completely reversed all changes.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS)[1]


  1. Effects of dexmedetomidine on systemic and coronary hemodynamics in the anesthetized dog. Flacke, W.E., Flacke, J.W., Bloor, B.C., McIntee, D.F., Sagan, M. J. Cardiothorac. Vasc. Anesth. (1993) [Pubmed]
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