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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Activity of tyrosine hydroxylase in the striatum of newborn piglets in response to hypocapnic hypoxia.

The effect of graded hypoxia induced by hyperventilation on the activity of tyrosine hydroxylase was measured in vivo by microdialysis. Microdialysis probes were inserted into the striatum of newborn piglets and perfused with medium containing 3-hydroxybenzylhydrazine, an inhibitor of L-aromatic amino acid decarboxylase. The level of 3,4-dihydroxyphenylalanine (DOPA) measured in the effluent dialysate was then an index of tyrosine hydroxylase activity. The oxygen pressure in the veins and capillaries of the cortex was measured, through a cranial window placed over the parietal cortex, by the phosphorescence lifetime of palladium-meso-tetra(4-carboxyphenyl)porphine added to the blood. After baseline measurements, PaCO2 was decreased from 38 torr (control value) to 19, 13, and 11 torr resulting in decreases in the cortical oxygen pressure from 40 +/- 6 torr to 26 +/- 3, 23 +/- 4, and 20 +/- 4 torr, respectively. Decrease in the oxygen pressure to 26 +/- 3 torr caused a statistically significant increase of 25-30% in the level of DOPA in the effluent perfusate. During the next step of increase in ventilator rate, when oxygen decreased only slightly, the level of DOPA remained at the higher level. Ventilation rates that lowered the oxygen pressure to below 20 torr, however, caused a progressive decrease in the level of DOPA. During recovery, the level of DOPA steadily increased, attaining 160% of control value after 1.5 h. When the oxygen pressure was decreased to 16 +/- 2 torr by a single increase in ventilator rate, the DOPA level decreased in the effluent to 15-20% below control.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS)[1]


  1. Activity of tyrosine hydroxylase in the striatum of newborn piglets in response to hypocapnic hypoxia. Tammela, O., Pastuszko, A., Lajevardi, N.S., Delivoria-Papadopoulos, M., Wilson, D.F. J. Neurochem. (1993) [Pubmed]
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