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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Hematopoietic cell transplantation in the twitcher mouse. The effects of pretransplant conditioning with graded doses of busulfan.

The effects of congenic hematopoietic cell transplantation (HCT; transplantation of bone marrow and spleen cells) after graded doses of busulfan (BU), a myeloablative but nonimmunosuppressive alkylating agent, were evaluated in the twitcher mouse model of human galactosylceramidase deficiency, a demyelinating sphingolipid storage disease. C57BL/6 twitcher mice (immunophenotype Ly-5.1) were given 10 to 50 mg/kg of BU or total-body irradiation (9.0 Gy) at age nine days and HCT from congenic Ly-5.2 donors 24 hr later. The 30-day post-HCT survival, an indicator of tolerance of the preparative regimen, was at least 83% in twitcher mice given 45 mg/kg or less of BU, was 50% in recipients of 50 mg/kg BU and 75% in TBI-conditioned twitchers. The lifespan of twitcher mice given HCT after 10 or 20 mg/kg of BU was similar to that of untreated twitchers (median survival, 42 days; range, 30-47). In contrast, mice transplanted after 35 to 50 mg/kg of BU had significantly prolonged survival (median, 82 days; range, 56-208) and stabilization of hindlimb paralysis, similar to TBI-conditioned recipients. Post-HCT repopulation by donor Ly-5.2 cells was determined by flow cytometry. Thirty days after HCT, only 11-15% of lymphohematopoietic cells in blood, bone marrow, and spleens were of Ly-5.2 donor origin in twitcher mice transplanted after 10 mg/kg of BU but 60-80% were of Ly-5.2 donor origin in mice transplanted after higher doses of BU. These levels further increased to 70-90% by 90 days after HCT, comparable to that seen after TBI. Levels of galactosylceramidase in livers, spleens, and brains of twitchers transplanted after 35-50 mg/kg of BU or after TBI increased to 30-116% of normal control values by 90 days after HCT. Conditioning for HCT with as little as 35 mg/kg of BU provides minimal peritransplant mortality, rapid and sustained establishment of donor lymphohematopoiesis, replacement of lysosomal hydrolase, and prolonged survival in this murine model of human sphingolipidosis.[1]


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