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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Hypothalamic paraventricular nucleus lesions differentially affect serotonin-1A (5-HT1A) and 5-HT2 receptor agonist- induced oxytocin, prolactin, and corticosterone responses.

A number of receptor subtypes mediate hormonal responses to serotonin (5-HT). To test the hypothesis that the hypothalamic paraventricular nucleus (PVN) mediates 5-HT1A and 5-HT2 receptor- mediated oxytocin, PRL, and corticosterone responses, we studied the effects of the 5-HT1A agonist ipsapirone and the 5-HT2A/2C agonist 1-(2,5-dimethoxy-4-iodophenyl)2-aminopropane (DOI) after surgical PVN lesions or sham operations. Chronically cannulated, conscious, freely moving, male Wistar rats were injected iv (1 mg/kg) shortly after (3-4 days) and 5 weeks after (35-37 days) the operations. In sham-operated rats, ipsapirone caused marked elevations in plasma PRL and corticosterone, but not oxytocin concentrations, whereas DOI increased plasma concentrations of all three hormones. Short term PVN lesions prevented ipsapirone-induced corticosterone and DOI-induced oxytocin responses. DOI-induced PRL and corticosterone responses were also markedly inhibited 3-4 days after lesioning, although small rises over the baseline values were still observed. The ipsapirone-induced PRL response was unaffected by the lesioning. Five weeks after PVN lesioning, partial recoveries were observed in ipsapirone- and DOI-induced corticosterone and DOI-induced oxytocin responses, whereas DOI-induced PRL responses remained suppressed. The present findings suggest that the PVN or neural pathways close to it mediate oxytocin, PRL, and corticosterone responses to the 5-HT2 receptor agonist DOI as well as corticosterone, but not PRL, responses to the 5-HT1A receptor agonist ipsapirone. The results after long term PVN lesioning show that the oxytocin and corticosterone responses may be partially restored with time after lesioning.[1]


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