The world's first wiki where authorship really matters (Nature Genetics, 2008). Due credit and reputation for authors. Imagine a global collaborative knowledge base for original thoughts. Search thousands of articles and collaborate with scientists around the globe.

wikigene or wiki gene protein drug chemical gene disease author authorship tracking collaborative publishing evolutionary knowledge reputation system wiki2.0 global collaboration genes proteins drugs chemicals diseases compound
Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Characterization of two different forms of mitogen-activated protein kinase kinase induced in polymorphonuclear leukocytes following stimulation by N-formylmethionyl-leucyl-phenylalanine or granulocyte-macrophage colony-stimulating factor.

Incubation of polymorphonuclear leukocytes with chemoattractants, granulocyte-macrophage colony-stimulating factor (GM-CSF), or phorbol 12-myristate 13-acetate (PMA) activated both mitogen-activated protein kinase kinase (MAPKK) and mitogen-activated protein kinase ( MAPK). Activation by chemoattractants was rapid and transient, being maximal by 1 min and decreasing by 10 min. The order of efficacy was formyl-met-leu-phe > C5a > > LTB4 > interleukin 8 > platelet-activating factor. In contrast, activation by GM-CSF or PMA was slow and sustained being maximal at 5 min and with little decrease by 30 min. Sustained MAPK activation required continuous activation of the MAPKK. The MAPKK induced by N-formylmethionyl-leucyl-phenylalanine, GM-CSF, or PMA was resolved into two forms by anion exchange chromatography (Mono Q). Both corresponded to a 45-kDa MAPKK antigen by Western blotting and were inactivated by serine/threonine protein phosphatase 2A. Rechromatography of both forms after dephosphorylation resulted in the antigen's eluting slightly earlier on the Mono Q gradient than when in the active state. However, the two peaks remained separate, suggesting that they are not merely different phosphoforms of the same enzyme. The MAPK cascade is a signaling pathway common to many polymorphonuclear leukocyte stimulants, which may be activated transiently or in a sustained manner.[1]


WikiGenes - Universities