The world's first wiki where authorship really matters (Nature Genetics, 2008). Due credit and reputation for authors. Imagine a global collaborative knowledge base for original thoughts. Search thousands of articles and collaborate with scientists around the globe.

wikigene or wiki gene protein drug chemical gene disease author authorship tracking collaborative publishing evolutionary knowledge reputation system wiki2.0 global collaboration genes proteins drugs chemicals diseases compound
Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Transcriptional down-regulation by insulin of the beta 3-adrenergic receptor expression in 3T3-F442A adipocytes: a mechanism for repressing the cAMP signaling pathway.

Modulation of the three beta-adrenergic receptor subtypes (beta-ARs) by insulin was investigated in mouse 3T3-F442A adipocytes. Saturation and competition experiments measuring binding of 125I-labeled (-)-cyanopindolol to adipocyte membranes demonstrated that cell exposure to insulin for 4 days caused a 3.5-fold decrease in the density of the major beta-AR component of the adipocyte, the beta 3-AR, while beta 1-AR sites remained unchanged and beta 2-ARs were undetectable. This correlated with a lower potency of the beta 3-AR-selective agonists CGP12177, ICI201651, and BRL37344 in stimulating adenylate cyclase. Northern blotting analysis indicated that insulin induced a rapid and sharp decrease in beta 3-AR mRNA levels. This effect was detectable at low insulin concentrations (EC50 = 3 nM) and was not observed in the presence of insulin-like growth factor I, suggesting an insulin receptor-mediated phenomenon. Reverse transcriptase-PCR analysis showed that, in contrast to its dramatic down-regulatory effect on beta 3-AR mRNA, insulin did not modify the levels of beta 1- and beta 2-AR transcripts. As assessed by nuclear run-on assays, insulin inhibited the beta 3-AR gene transcription rate by 90% within 30 min. mRNA turnover experiments showed that the half-life of beta 3-AR mRNA was short (90 min) and remained unaffected by insulin. These findings demonstrate the genetic control of a beta-AR subtype expression by insulin and reveal a mechanism for the regulation by this hormone of cAMP-dependent biological processes in adipocytes.[1]


WikiGenes - Universities