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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Site-directed mutagenesis of rabbit muscle phosphofructokinase cDNA. Mutations at glutamine 200 affect the allosteric properties of the enzyme.

Full-length cDNA for rabbit muscle phosphofructokinase has been cloned and characterized (Li, J., Chen, Z., Lu, L., Byrnes, M., and Chang, S. H. (1990) Biochem. Biophys. Res. Commun. 170, 1056-1060). The 2.8-kilobase cDNA was inserted in the plasmid vector pPL2 and transformed into Escherichia coli cells deficient in endogenous phosphofructokinase activity (DF 1020). The recombinant phosphofructokinase so prepared is nearly identical in kinetic properties and size of subunits to the enzyme isolated from rabbit muscle. On the basis of the sequence homology between the muscle and the bacterial phosphofructokinases and the crystallographic structure of the latter, the glutamine at position 200 of the muscle enzyme is implicated in the allosteric transitions. This residue was replaced by alanine (Q200A), glutamate (Q200E), or arginine (Q200R). The purified enzymes were analyzed for quaternary structure, activity, and allosteric properties. The native and all the altered enzymes are tetramers. At pH 7.0, the wild-type enzyme is sensitive to inhibition by ATP at concentration above 0.6 mM, and its activity responds to fructose 6-phosphate concentration cooperatively at high ATP concentration. In contrast, the mutated enzyme Q200R is virtually insensitive to ATP inhibition up to 7 mM. Thus at high ATP concentration, its activity responds to fructose 6-phosphate concentration is a manner similar to the activated form of the native enzyme. Under the same conditions, mutant Q200E exhibits cooperative behavior only at much higher concentration of fructose 6-phosphate. Mutant Q200A is active at pH 8.0 but inactive at pH 7. 0. The native enzyme and all three mutants are activated by inorganic phosphate and fructose 2,6-bisphosphate and inhibited by citrate.[1]


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