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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Growth hormone-receptor messenger RNA in the rat ovary: regulation and localization.

The results of several reports indicate that GH can modulate ovarian function. In the present study, the expression of the growth hormone-receptor (GH-R) mRNA was studied in the rat ovary using an RNA probe corresponding to a part of the extracellular domain of the GH-R. The probe hybridized to two major transcripts with estimated sizes of 4.0 kb and 1.2 kb in RNA extracted from liver and ovary. Recently, these transcripts have been shown to encode the GH-R and the GH-binding protein ( GH- BP). The ontogeny of the GH-R/ GH- BP mRNA expression was studied using Northern blot analysis and a solution hybridization RNase protection assay. In the liver GH-R/ GH- BP mRNA levels increased with age, while in the ovary, the levels decreased between 1 and 5 weeks of age. Hypophysectomy caused a decrease in GH-R/ GH- BP gene expression in the ovary, an effect which could be partly reversed with a single injection of GH (2 mg/kg). No significant changes in the ovarian concentration of GH-R/ GH- BP transcripts were seen during the estrus cycle. Using in situ hybridization GH-R/ GH- BP transcripts were found to be most abundant in follicles. Northern blot analysis of RNA extracted from isolated granulosa cells and corpora lutea showed that both these compartments contained GH-R and GH- BP mRNA, although more abundant in granulosa cells. Immunoreactive GH-R was detected in granulosa cells of healthy follicles, corpus luteum, and in the germinal epithelium.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS)[1]


  1. Growth hormone-receptor messenger RNA in the rat ovary: regulation and localization. Carlsson, B., Nilsson, A., Isaksson, O.G., Billig, H. Mol. Cell. Endocrinol. (1993) [Pubmed]
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