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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)
 
 
 
 
 

Alpha 7 beta 1 integrin is a component of the myotendinous junction on skeletal muscle.

Immunization against a 70 kDa band that co-purifies with skeletal muscle integrins has resulted in an antibody directed against the avain alpha 7 integrin subunit. The specificity of the antibody was established by patterns of tissue staining and cross-reactivity with antibodies directed against the cytoplasmic domain of the rat alpha 7 cytoplasmic domain. On sections of adult skeletal muscle the alpha 7 integrin was enriched in the myotendinous junction (MTJ). This localization was unique as neither the alpha 1, alpha 3, alpha 5, alpha 6 and alpha v subunit localizes in the myotendinous junction. The distribution of the alpha 7 subunit in the MTJ was examined during embryonic development. alpha 7 expression in the junction is first apparent around embryo day 14 and is almost exclusively at the developing MTJ at this stage. alpha 3 is expressed with distinctive punctate staining around the junctional area in earlier embryos (11-day). The time of appearance of the alpha 7 subunit in the MTJ correlates with the insertion of myofibrils into subsarcolemmal densities and folding of the junctional membrane, suggesting a role of the alpha 7 integrin in this process. Vinculin is present throughout development of the myotendinous junction, suggesting that the alpha 7 integrin recognizes a preformed cytoskeletal structure. The presence of the alpha 7 subunit in the myotendinous junction and the alpha 5 subunit in the adhesion plaque demonstrates a molecular difference between these two adherens junctions. It also points to possible origins of junctional specificity on muscle. Differences between these two junctions were developed further using an antibody against phosphotyrosine (PY20). Phosphotyrosine is thought to participate in the organization and stabilization of adhesions. The focal adhesion and the neuromuscular junction, but not the MTJ, contained proteins phosphorylated on tyrosine.[1]

References

  1. Alpha 7 beta 1 integrin is a component of the myotendinous junction on skeletal muscle. Bao, Z.Z., Lakonishok, M., Kaufman, S., Horwitz, A.F. J. Cell. Sci. (1993) [Pubmed]
 
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