The world's first wiki where authorship really matters (Nature Genetics, 2008). Due credit and reputation for authors. Imagine a global collaborative knowledge base for original thoughts. Search thousands of articles and collaborate with scientists around the globe.

wikigene or wiki gene protein drug chemical gene disease author authorship tracking collaborative publishing evolutionary knowledge reputation system wiki2.0 global collaboration genes proteins drugs chemicals diseases compound
Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Regulation of cyclin B1 by estradiol and polyamines in MCF-7 breast cancer cells.

Recent studies have identified a family of proteins called cyclins that control cell cycle. Among these proteins, cyclin B synthesis and degradation are necessary and sufficient to cause a Xenopus egg cell-free system to oscillate between S and M. To understand the link between hormonal regulation of cell growth and the expression of B-type cyclins, we studied the effect of estradiol on cyclin B1 mRNA in a hormone-responsive breast cancer cell line, MCF-7. Cells were synchronized at G1 by isoleucine starvation, and estradiol was added along with the removal of cell cycle block. Flow cytometric analysis showed 81 +/- 7% cells in G1 after 30 h of isoleucine starvation. Significant population of cells progressed to S by 16 h after the addition of estradiol, whereas a comparable transition occurred in control cells by 36 h only. In cells progressing from G1-->S-->G2-->M under the influence of estradiol, there was a significant increase in cyclin B1 mRNA at 30 and 36 h, consistent with the accumulation of this cyclin in G2/M. In addition, we found that cyclin B1 mRNA degradation occurred early in G1, and this process was accelerated by estradiol. At 2 h after removal of the isoleucine block, there was a 40% reduction in the level of cyclin B1 mRNA in estradiol-treated cells compared to untreated controls. Cyclin B1 protein degradation followed a similar pattern, as determined by Western blots using a monoclonal anti-cyclin B1 antibody. Since previous studies suggested a polyamine pathway in the mechanism of action of estradiol, we questioned whether polyamines are important in controlling the level of cyclin B1 mRNA. Treatment of synchronized cells with the polyamine biosynthetic inhibitor, difluoromethylornithine attenuated cyclin B1 mRNA degradation in the presence of estradiol. This process was mostly reversed by exogenous putrescine and spermidine but not by putrescine homologues. Collectively, these data suggest that the mechanism of cell growth regulation by estradiol in MCF-7 cells includes alterations in cyclin B1 mRNA. Our data also indicate molecular pathways for the action of polyamines in estrogenic control of cell cycle.[1]


WikiGenes - Universities