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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Multiple isoforms of 3 beta-hydroxysteroid dehydrogenase/delta 5-->4-isomerase in mouse tissues: male-specific isoforms are expressed in the gonads and liver.

Multiple isoforms of 3 beta-hydroxysteroid dehydrogenase/delta 5-->4-isomerase (3 beta HSD) are expressed in various mouse tissues in a tissue-specific, sex-specific, and developmental manner. Three distinct immunoreactive species [molecular masses, 47, 44, and 42 kilodaltons (kDa)] are detectable by Western immunoblot analysis using a 3 beta HSD antiserum. Different immunoreactive isoforms are expressed in steroidogenic (44 and 47 kDa in gonads) and nonsteroidogenic (42 and 47 kDa in liver and kidney) tissues. Two of these isoforms are sex-specific in the gonads (47 kDa) and liver (42 kDa), because they are detectable only in male mice. Sex-specific expression in the liver is developmentally regulated. Low levels of this male-specific hepatic isoform are first detectable at 23-25 days of age, but its level of expression increases progressively during sexual maturation to adult levels. NAD(+)-dependent 3 beta HSD activity is detectable in homogenates of all tissues examined, but the kinetic characteristics of this activity differ among tissues and are sexually dimorphic in the liver. Apparent Michaelis constants for dehydroepiandrosterone are much lower in steroidogenic (0.24 +/- 0.07 microM for testis) than in nonsteroidogenic (range, 10-100 microM for liver and kidney) tissues and are lower in male mouse liver (16 +/- 1 microM) than in female mouse liver (82 +/- 20 microM). Oligonucleotides with unique sequences but encoding homologous regions of the mouse type I, II, and III 3 beta HSD cDNAs were used for Northern blot analyses. A type I oligomer hybridizes with RNA from steroidogenic (adrenal, ovary, and testis) tissues, and a type III oligomer hybridizes with RNA from nonsteroidogenic (liver and kidney) tissues. A type II oligomer, however, hybridizes specifically with RNA from testis and liver of male mice, tissues that express a male-specific 3 beta HSD. These results suggest that type II-like transcripts may encode a 47-kDa sex-specific 3 beta HSD in testis and a 42-kDa sex-specific 3 beta HSD in liver of male mice. It is unclear how many members of subfamilies of the 3 beta HSD gene family will be discovered. The mouse may prove to be a valuable experimental model, as this is the first species in which multiple immunoreactive isoforms can be identified in a single tissue. This multiplicity makes it difficult to correlate the size and number of immunoreactive isoforms with the diverse kinetic characteristics of NAD(+)-dependent 3 beta HSD activities in tissue homogenates and to develop isoform-specific probes.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 400 WORDS)[1]


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