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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Cyclic AMP in relation to proliferation of the epidermal cell: a new view.

Four agents known to increase the level of cellular cAMP by different means (cholera toxin, dibutyryl cAMP, methyl isobutyl xanthine and isoproterenol) increase the growth of colonies of cultured human epidermal cells and of keratinocytes derived from other stratified squamous epithelia. This effect is due to an increase in the overall rate of cell proliferation in the colonies. When added to cultures under hitherto optimum conditions for epidermal cell growth [in the presence of supporting 3T3 cells and epidermal growth factor ( EGF)], most of the agents exert an effect of considerable magnitude, the toxin being the most potent. Since the toxin exerts an effect in the absence of supporting 3T3 cells, it must be able to act directly on the keratinocytes. It can also act in the absence of ECF and of medium conditioned by 3T3 cells, although proliferation is greatest when supporting 3T3 cells and EGF are present. The increased proliferation in the presence of the toxin is associated with an increased proportion of small cells known to include the multiplying fraction. The use of toxin makes the cultivation of keratinocytes from epidermis and other stratified squamous epithelia much easier and prolong the culture life of the cells. Whether cell proliferation in the intact epidermis is regulated through agents affecting cAMP (in a direction opposite to that suggested by much of the earlier literature) remains to be elucidated, but the existence of such a mechanism in cultured cells suggests that it may function in the intact epithelium.[1]


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