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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)
 
 
 
 
 

The efficient bovine insulin presentation capacity of bone marrow-derived macrophages activated by granulocyte-macrophage colony-stimulating factor correlates with a high level of intracellular reducing thiols.

Bone marrow-derived macrophages (BMM phi) were shown before to function as antigen-presenting cells. We show here, that the antigen presentation capacity of BMM phi depends on the nature of the antigen and is differently regulated by the lymphokines interferon-gamma (IFN-gamma) and granulocyte/macrophage-colony-stimulating factor (GM-CSF). When bovine insulin (BI) was employed as antigen, only BMM phi treated with GM-CSF (GM-CSF-M phi) were efficient presenters, but when presentation of the antigens ovalbumin and conalbumin was tested, IFN-gamma-pulsed BMM phi (IFN-gamma-M phi) proved superior to GM-CSF-M phi. The lack of efficient BI presentation function of IFN-gamma-M phi was only obvious, when native BI was used as antigen. Preprocessed BI was presented by IFN-gamma-M phi with drastically higher efficiency than by GM-CSF-M phi. Because processing of insulin depends on reduction of disulfide bonds, we analyzed the content of intracellular reducing thiols within IFN-gamma-M phi, GM-CSF-M phi, and untreated BMM phi. Only after stimulation with GM-CSF did the amount of reduced glutathione and cysteine strongly increase, while IFN-gamma did not efficiently augment the intracellular content of both thiols. These findings suggest that the lymphokines IFN-gamma and GM-CSF differently interfere with the processing capacity of BMM phi by differently regulating the intracellular concentration of the thiols reduced glutathione and cysteine. A high level of these thiols induced by GM-CSF correlates with a prominent capacity to present the antigen bovine insulin.[1]

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