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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Effects of 1,2-diacylglycerol and cholesterol on the hydrolysis activity of phospholipase D in egg-yolk phosphatidylcholine bilayers.

Effects of cholesterol (Chol) and 1,2-diacylglycerol (DAG) on the hydrolysis activity of phospholipase D (from Streptomyces chromofuscus) were studied in small unilamellar vesicles (SUV) of egg-yolk phosphatidylcholine (PC). 1,2-Diacylglycerol used here is derived from PC. Choline produced in the reaction was monitored by using a choline oxidase-oxygen electrode. Addition of 18.3 mol% Chol into SUV (2 mM PC) led to a small increase in the reaction rate. On the other hand, 18.3 mol% DAG in SUV brought about a 5-6-fold rate of choline production. The apparent maximum velocity, Vmax(app), increased by addition of DAG and Chol in SUV. In PC/Chol-SUV, the effect of increase in Vmax(app) was largely compensated by the increase in the apparent Michaelis constant, Km (app). The Chol and DAG molecules did not have significant effects on the kinetic parameters, when PC was solubilized in the micelles of heptaethylene glycol dodecyl ether. The effects of Chol and DAG are, therefore, not due to specific ones on the enzyme itself, but rather upon the bilayer-organization of the substrate. We discuss the activation of phospholipase D in terms of the influences of DAG and Chol on the structure of hydrophilic region and fluidity of the bilayers.[1]


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