The world's first wiki where authorship really matters (Nature Genetics, 2008). Due credit and reputation for authors. Imagine a global collaborative knowledge base for original thoughts. Search thousands of articles and collaborate with scientists around the globe.

wikigene or wiki gene protein drug chemical gene disease author authorship tracking collaborative publishing evolutionary knowledge reputation system wiki2.0 global collaboration genes proteins drugs chemicals diseases compound
Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Effects of interleukin-11 on the proliferation and cell cycle status of myeloid leukemic cells.

Interleukin-11 (IL-11) is a pleiotropic cytokine with effects on many different targets. Within the hematopoietic system, the effects of IL-11 are largely manifest only through combination with other cytokines, including IL-3 and Steel factor (SF). In the present study, we addressed the question of IL-11 responsiveness within the different types of human leukemic cells, as well as the mechanism of action of IL-11 at the cellular level. Analysis of a panel of samples from different patients with acute myeloblastic leukemia (AML) and myeloid leukemic cell lines indicated that IL-11 alone was ineffective in supporting myeloid leukemic cell growth but frequently enhanced growth supported by IL-3, granulocyte-macrophage colony-stimulating factor (GM-CSF), or SF. In contrast, three acute pre-B lymphocytic leukemia (pre-B-ALL) and two acute T lymphocytic leukemia (T-ALL) lines failed to respond to IL-11 alone or when combined with other cytokines. The growth enhancement of IL-11 among the AML patient samples was dose dependent and remarkably constant with half-efficient concentrations in the range of 0.3 to 0.4 ng/mL. The thymidine suicide studies with the patient samples revealed that 40% to 50% of the blast cells were in S-phase when exposed for 16 hours to IL-3 and this level was increased to 70% to 90% in response to either IL-11 or IL-6. Our data suggest that the latter two interleukins act synergistically with the direct mitogenic factor, IL-3, in triggering AML blast-cell proliferation. Detailed analysis with several patient samples further revealed that SF and IL-11 both enhance IL-3-supported clonogenic growth of AML blasts and the combination of all three growth factors yields optimal growth. In contrast, IL-6 does not further enhance the effect of IL-11. These results indicate that SF and IL-11 enhance IL-3-dependent clonogenic growth through two distinct pathways, whereas IL-6 and IL-11 may trigger the same pathway.[1]


  1. Effects of interleukin-11 on the proliferation and cell cycle status of myeloid leukemic cells. Hu, J.P., Cesano, A., Santoli, D., Clark, S.C., Hoang, T. Blood (1993) [Pubmed]
WikiGenes - Universities