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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Differential regulation of prostaglandin synthesis by angiotensin peptides in porcine aortic smooth muscle cells: subtypes of angiotensin receptors involved.

We determined the role of AT1 and AT2 angiotensin receptors as mediators of prostaglandin (PG) release and mobilization of intracellular Ca++ in cultures of porcine vascular smooth muscle cells (VSMC) with subtype-selective angiotensin (Ang) II receptor antagonists. The binding of [125I]Ang II to porcine VSMC showed an equilibrium constant (KD) of 0.52 nM and a binding capacity (Bmax) of 14.8 fmol/mg protein. Using the AT1 antagonists DuP 753, its metabolite EXP 3174, and L-158,809, [125I]Ang II binding was displaced in a clearly biphasic manner, indicating the presence of two binding sites. Consistent with this, the AT2 antagonist CGP 42112A also displayed a biphasic curve, whereas another AT2 antagonist, PD 123177, showed a 20% reduction in binding. Ang I, Ang II and Ang-(1-7) stimulated PGE2 as well as PGI2 synthesis in a dose-dependent pattern. Ang II but not Ang I or Ang-(1-7) also caused an increase in the intracellular concentration of Ca++. Ca++ mobilization by Ang II was blocked by the AT1 antagonist DuP 753, but not by the AT2 antagonists. Ang II- and Ang I-stimulated (10 nM) PG production was attenuated by all three AT1 antagonists. However, both CGP 42112A (100 nM) and PD 123177 (100 nM) also attenuated PG release in response to Ang II. The enhancement in PG release by Ang I (10 nM) was significantly reduced by CGP 42112A (100 nM), but not by PD 123177 (1 microM). Of the AT1 antagonists, only high doses of DuP 753 or L-158,809 partially reduced the Ang-(1-7)-induced release of PG. CGP 42112A was ineffective for blocking Ang-(1-7)-stimulated PG release. Ang-(1-7)-stimulated PGE2 and PGI2 production was significantly reduced by PD 123177. Unlike DuP 753 or L-158,809, but similar to the sarcosine antagonists, EXP 3174 (10 nM) abolished the angiotensin peptide-induced PG production. These data show that Ang I and Ang II stimulate PGE2 and PGI2 release via activation of both AT1 and AT2 receptors in porcine VSMC. Ang II stimulates intracellular Ca++ mobilization via activation of AT1 receptors only. Because Ang-(1-7) enhanced PGE2 and PGI2 release via activation of angiotensin receptors having greater affinity for PD 123177 than CGP 42112A, although CGP 42112A showed a greater ability to block the Ang I response, these data further suggest differences in these two compounds at AT2 receptors.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 400 WORDS)[1]


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