The world's first wiki where authorship really matters (Nature Genetics, 2008). Due credit and reputation for authors. Imagine a global collaborative knowledge base for original thoughts. Search thousands of articles and collaborate with scientists around the globe.

wikigene or wiki gene protein drug chemical gene disease author authorship tracking collaborative publishing evolutionary knowledge reputation system wiki2.0 global collaboration genes proteins drugs chemicals diseases compound
Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)
 
 
 
 
 

Adhesion and costimulation of proliferative responses of human gamma delta T cells by interaction of VLA-4 and VLA-5 with fibronectin.

The very late antigens, VLA-4 and VLA-5 belong to the beta 1 subfamily of integrins and have been identified as receptors for different binding regions of fibronectin (FN). We have detected VLA-4 and VLA-5, but not VLA-3 and VLA-6 expressed on human CD3+CD4-CD8- gamma delta TCR T cells by flow cytometry. Binding assays, performed on FN-coated plates, showed that activated CD25high ( IL-2 receptor) but not resting CD25low gamma delta T cells specifically adhere to FN. The binding capacity is inhibited by the synthetic peptide GRGDSP which inhibits adhesion mediated by VLA-5 and a functional mAb directed against the alpha 4 subunit. Most FN binding is mediated by VLA-4. Additionally, resting gamma delta T cells cultured on coimmobilized anti-TCR delta 1 mAb and FN or the 40 kDa fragment (which contains the adhesion site in the IIICS domain recognized by VLA-4) for 96 h in the absence of exogeneous IL-2 showed significant increase in proliferation when compared to that of resting gamma delta T cells cultured on immobilized anti-TCR delta 1 mAb alone. Also expression of CD25 was significantly enhanced on cells cultured on coimmobilized anti-TCR delta 1 mAb and FN, indicative of T cell activation. Cross-linking of VLA-4 and VLA-5 molecules costimulated expansion of resting gamma delta T cells induced by cross- linked TCR delta 1. These results suggest that the gamma delta T cell beta 1 integrins, VLA-4 and VLA-5, may function in a dual capacity as signalling and adhesion molecules.[1]

References

 
WikiGenes - Universities