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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Adhesion and costimulation of proliferative responses of human gamma delta T cells by interaction of VLA-4 and VLA-5 with fibronectin.

The very late antigens, VLA-4 and VLA-5 belong to the beta 1 subfamily of integrins and have been identified as receptors for different binding regions of fibronectin (FN). We have detected VLA-4 and VLA-5, but not VLA-3 and VLA-6 expressed on human CD3+CD4-CD8- gamma delta TCR T cells by flow cytometry. Binding assays, performed on FN-coated plates, showed that activated CD25high ( IL-2 receptor) but not resting CD25low gamma delta T cells specifically adhere to FN. The binding capacity is inhibited by the synthetic peptide GRGDSP which inhibits adhesion mediated by VLA-5 and a functional mAb directed against the alpha 4 subunit. Most FN binding is mediated by VLA-4. Additionally, resting gamma delta T cells cultured on coimmobilized anti-TCR delta 1 mAb and FN or the 40 kDa fragment (which contains the adhesion site in the IIICS domain recognized by VLA-4) for 96 h in the absence of exogeneous IL-2 showed significant increase in proliferation when compared to that of resting gamma delta T cells cultured on immobilized anti-TCR delta 1 mAb alone. Also expression of CD25 was significantly enhanced on cells cultured on coimmobilized anti-TCR delta 1 mAb and FN, indicative of T cell activation. Cross-linking of VLA-4 and VLA-5 molecules costimulated expansion of resting gamma delta T cells induced by cross- linked TCR delta 1. These results suggest that the gamma delta T cell beta 1 integrins, VLA-4 and VLA-5, may function in a dual capacity as signalling and adhesion molecules.[1]


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