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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Negative regulation of early T lymphopoiesis by interleukin-3 and interleukin-1 alpha.

We recently developed a two-step clonal cell culture system for murine lymphohematopoietic progenitors that are capable of producing myeloid and B-lymphoid progenies and characterized their cytokine requirements. We subsequently observed that addition of interleukin-3 (IL-3) or IL-1 alpha to permissive cytokine combinations in primary culture abrogates the B-lymphoid potential but not the myeloid potential of the lymphohematopoietic progenitors. We now describe a similar negative regulation of the T-cell potential of the lymphohematopoietic progenitors. Lin- Ly-6A/E+ marrow cells from 5-fluorouracil-treated mice were plated individually by micromanipulation in methylcellulose culture with steel factor (SF) and IL-11 for 8 days. The resulting colonies were tested for myeloid potential by reculturing part of each colony in secondary myeloid suspension culture. Remainders of individual primary colonies were injected intravenously into scid mice for determination of T- and B-lymphoid potentials. Approximately 10% of the progenitors that differentiated along myeloid lineages in culture reconstituted T- and B-cell compartments in scid mice. However, when scid mice were injected with colonies pooled from cultures containing steel factor, IL-11, and either IL-3 or IL-1 alpha, there was no reconstitution of thymocytes or spleen T cells. These results suggest negative regulatory roles for IL-3 and IL-1 alpha in the early stages of T lymphopoiesis.[1]


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