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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Endothelin-1- induced phospholipase C-beta and D and protein kinase C isoenzyme signaling leading to hypertrophy in rat cardiomyocytes.

We have previously demonstrated that stimulation of cultured rat neonatal cardiomyocytes by endothelin-1 (ET-1) induces rapid activation of phospholipase C-beta (PLC-beta), accompanied by transient expression of proto-oncogenes and subsequent development of hypertrophy and characteristic phenotypic changes. In the present study we examined the ET-1- induced hypertrophic response in relation to the initial signaling by phospholipase D (PLD) and protein kinase C (PKC). ET-1 (10(-8) M) induced hypertrophy after 48 h, as judged by protein/DNA ratio. The formation (0.5 h) of 14C-labeled phosphatidylethanol ([14C]PEth) in the presence of exogenous ethanol (0.5%) in [14C]palmitate prelabeled cells, which reflects the PLD activity, was increased 1.9- and 5.6-fold by ET-1 and phorbolester (PMA, 10(-6) M), respectively. The translocation of PKC isoforms from the cytosol to the membrane fraction was examined by immunoblot analysis using specific antibodies for PKC-alpha and -epsilon. ET-1 caused a rapid (within 15 s) and sustained disappearance of PKC-epsilon but not of PKC-alpha, from the cytosol. The translocation of PKC-epsilon to the membrane fraction was just detectable. However, PMA (10(-7) M) showed a rapid, sustained, and clearly detectable translocation of PKC-alpha and PKC-epsilon. The results indicate that the ET-1- induced development of hypertrophy via activation of distinct PKC isoenzymes may be initiated not only by PLC-beta but also by PLD signaling.[1]


  1. Endothelin-1-induced phospholipase C-beta and D and protein kinase C isoenzyme signaling leading to hypertrophy in rat cardiomyocytes. Lamers, J.M., Eskildsen-Helmond, Y.E., Resink, A.M., de Jonge, H.W., Bezstarosti, K., Sharma, H.S., van Heugten, H.A. J. Cardiovasc. Pharmacol. (1995) [Pubmed]
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