The world's first wiki where authorship really matters (Nature Genetics, 2008). Due credit and reputation for authors. Imagine a global collaborative knowledge base for original thoughts. Search thousands of articles and collaborate with scientists around the globe.

wikigene or wiki gene protein drug chemical gene disease author authorship tracking collaborative publishing evolutionary knowledge reputation system wiki2.0 global collaboration genes proteins drugs chemicals diseases compound
Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Amino-terminal protein processing in Saccharomyces cerevisiae is an essential function that requires two distinct methionine aminopeptidases.

We previously characterized a methionine aminopeptidase (EC; Met-AP1; also called peptidase M) in Saccharomyces cerevisiae, which differs from its prokaryotic homologues in that it (i) contains an N-terminal zinc-finger domain and (ii) does not produce lethality when disrupted, although it does slow growth dramatically; it is encoded by a gene called MAP1. Here we describe a second methionine aminopeptidase (Met- AP2) in S. cerevisiae, encoded by MAP2, which was cloned as a suppressor of the slow-growth phenotype of the map1 null strain. The DNA sequence of MAP2 encodes a protein of 421 amino acids that shows 22% identity with the sequence of yeast Met-AP1. Surprisingly, comparison with sequences in the GenBank data base showed that the product of MAP2 has even greater homology (55% identity) with rat p67, which was characterized as an initiation factor 2-associated protein but not yet shown to have Met-AP activity. Transformants of map1 null cells expressing MAP2 in a high-copy-number plasmid contained 3- to 12-fold increases in Met-AP activity on different peptide substrates. The epitope-tagged suppressor gene product was purified by immunoaffinity chromatography and shown to contain Met-AP activity. To evaluate the physiological significance of Met- AP2, the MAP2 gene was deleted from wild-type and map1 null yeast strains. The map2 null strain, like the map1 null strain, is viable but with a slower growth rate. The map1, map2 double-null strains are nonviable. Thus, removal of N-terminal methionine is an essential function in yeast, as in prokaryotes, but yeast require two methionine aminopeptidases to provide the essential function which can only be partially provided by Met-AP1 or Met- AP2 alone.[1]


WikiGenes - Universities